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Flow Cytometry: Early contributions
Instrumentation


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  • Cytophotometry
    T Caspersson Cell growth and cell function, a cytochemical study. Norton, New York 1950.
    Electrical counting and sizing
    WH Coulter Means for counting particles suspended in a fluid. US patent 2,656,508 priority Aug 27, 1949.
    WH Coulter High speed automatic blood cell counter and cell size analyzer. Proc Natl Electronics Conf 1956, 12: 1034-1040.
    Flow cytometry by light absorption
    LA Kamentsky, H Derman, MR Melamed Spectrophotometer: New instrument for ultrarapid cell analysis. Science 1965, 150: 630-631.
    Piezo droplet generation & electrostatic deflection
    RG Sweet High frequency recording with electrostatically deflected ink jets. Rev Sci Instrum 1965, 36: 131-136.
    Piezo droplet sorter by cell volume
    MJ Fulwylwer Electronic separation of biological cells by volume. Science 1965, 150: 910-911.
    Flow sorter by light absorption & scatter
    Kamentsky LA, Melamed MR Spectrophotometric cell sorter. Science 1967, 156:1364-1365.
    Hydrodynamic focusing in electrical cell sizing
    R Thom Anordnung zur Gewinnung von Größen, die den Mengen von in der Untersuchungsflüssigkeit enthaltenen Teilchen verschiedenen Volumens entsprechen. Patent DE1806512, priority Nov 02, 1968.
    L Spielman, SL Goren Improving resolution in Coulter counting by hydrodynamic focusing. J Colloid Interface Sci 1968, 26: 175-182
    R Thom, A Hampe, G Sauerbrey Die elektronische Volumen-Bestimmung von Blutkörperchen und ihre Fehlerquellen. Z gesamte exp Med 1969, 151: 331-349
    Flow cytometry by cell fluorescence
    W Göhde Automatisches Meß- und Zählgerät für die Teilchen einer Dispersion. Patent DE1815352, priority Dec 18, 1968.
    W Dittrich, W Göhde Impulsfluorimetrie bei Einzelzellen in Suspensionen. Z.Naturf 1969, 24b: 360-361.
    Piezo droplet sorter by cell fluorescence
    HR Hulett, WA Bonner, J Barrett, LA Herzenberg Cell Sorting: Automated separation of mammalian cells as a function of intracellukar fluorescence. Science 1969, 166:747-749.
    Light scatter
    PF Mullaney, MA VanDilla, JR Coulter, PN Dean Cell sizing - A light scattering photometer for rapid volume determination. Rev Sci Instrum 1969, 40: 1029-1032.
    Dielectric membrane breakdown in electrical cell sizing -> Electroporation
    J Schulz, HJ Nitsche Nachweis des transzellulären Ionenflusses bei der Volumenbestimmung von nativen Humanerythrozyten. In: Vergleichende Untersuchung zur elektronischen Zellvolumen-Analyse, Ed: R Thom, Telefunken Hochfrequenztechnik N1/EP/V 1698, Ulm 1972 p 60-61
    U Zimmermann, J Schulz, G Pilwat Transcellular ion flow in Escherichia-coli and electrical sizing of bacteria. Biophys J 1973, 13: 1005-1013.
    Doublet discrimination by pulse height/area ratios
    W Göhde Process for automatic counting and measurement of particles. US patent 4,021,117 priority Jun 23, 1973 (DE).
    W Göhde, J Schumann, J Fruh Coincidence eliminating device for pulse-cytophotometry. In: Pulse Cytophotometry II, Eds: W Göhde, J Schumann, T Büchner, European Press Medicon, Gent 1976, p 71-78. US patent 4,021,117 priority Jun 23, 1973 (DE)
    Slit scan
    LL Wheeless, SF Patten Slit-scan cytofluorometry. Acta Cytol 1973, 17: 333-339.
    Separation lympho-, mono- and granulocytes by light scatter
    G Salzman, JM Crowell, JC Martin, TT TRujillo, A Romero, PF Mullaney, OM Labauve Cell classification by laser light-scattering - Identification and separation of unstained leukocytes. Acta Cytol 1975, 19: 374-377.
    Flow cytometry of bacteria
    KJ Hutter, W Göhde, CC Emeis Untersuchungen über die DNS-, RNS- und Proteinsynthese ausgewählter Mikroorganismenpopulationen mit Hilfe der Zytophotometrie und der Impulscytophotometrie. Chem Mikrobiol Techn Lebensm 1975, 4:29-32.
    HB Steen, T Lindmo Flow cytometry - High resolution instrument for everyone. Science 1979, 204: 403-404
    HB Steen, E Boye Bacterial-growth studied by flow-cytometry. Cytometry 1980, 1: 32-36
    Dual laser excitation
    M Stöhr Double beam application in flow techniques and recent results. In: Pulse Cytophotometry II, Eds: W Göhde, J Schumann, T Büchner, European Press, Gent 1976 p 39-45
    Fluorescence anisotropy
    TM Jovin, DJ Arndt-Jovin The measurement of structural changes in cells using fluorescence emission anisotropy in flow systems. In: Pulse-Cytophotometry II, Eds: W Göhde, J Schumann, T Büchner, European Press, Gent 1976, p 33-38.
    Fluorescence compensation
    MR Loken, DR Parks, LA Herzenberg Two-color immunofluorescence using a fluorescence-activated cell sorter. J Histochem Cytochem 1977, 25: 899-907.
    Fast imaging in flow
    V Kachel, G Benker, K Lichtnau, G Valet, E Glossner Fast imaging in flow: A means of combining flow cytometry and image analysis. J Histochem Cytochem 1979 27:335-341. (32)
    Microprocessors in flow cytometry
    O Ahrens, U Albrecht, MF Rajewski Microprocessor-based data aquisition-system for flow cytometers. In: Flow Cytometry IV, Eds: OD Laerum, T Lindmo, E Thorud, Universitetsforlaget 1980, p 112-115
    V Kachel, H Meier, P Stuhlmüller, O Ahrens Ultra fast digital calculation of ratios of flow cytometric values. In: Flow Cytometry IV, Eds: OD Laerum, T Lindmo, E Thorud, Universitetsforlaget 1980, p 109-111
    Piezo fluid switching flow sorter
    J Dühnen, C Stegemann, HA Mertens New fluid switching flow sorter. Histochemistry 1983, 77: 117-121.
    H Göhde, J Schumann Method and apparatus for sorting particles. US patent 4,756,427 priority Sep 11, 1984 (CH).
    Fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET)
    L Tron, J Szollosi, S Damjanovich, SH Helliwell, DJ Arndt-Jovin. TM Jovin Flow cytometric measurement of fluorescence resonance energy-transfer on cell surfaces - Quantitatove evaluation of the transfer efficiency on a cell-by-cell basis. Biophys J 1984, 45: 939-946.
    Circular dichroism -> eosinophil separation without staining
    BG DeGrooth, LWMM Terstappen, GJ Puppels, J Greve Light-scattering polarization measuremenst as a new parameter in flow-cytometry. Cytometry 1987, 8: 539-544.
    LWMM Terstappen, BG DeGrooth, K Visscher, FA VanKouterik, J Greve 4-parameter white blood-cell differential counting based on light-scattering measurements. Cytometry 1988, 9: 39-43.

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    First display: Mar25, 2004